Dinas Kearsipan dan Perpustakaan Prov. Kep. Bangka Belitung




In the past, literation information had often associated with reading and writing. Actually, what is the definition of literation information? Is it a skill which required in this digital era?

Information literacy is the ability to identify when the information is needed, find, identified and evaluate so that it can be used effectively for issues or problems encountered. According to American Library Association (ALA), information literacy is a set of capabilities that a person needs to identify when the information is needed and the ability to locate, evaluate, and use the information needed effectively.

Lasa HS (2009: 190) defines that information literacy is also called information literacy, an awareness of someone information needs, identifying, accessing effectively, efficiently, evaluating, and combine the information legally into knowledge and communicating that information. With this awareness will support the development of the learning process throughout life /long life education.

Eventhough the explosion of information in this digital era give positive and negative effects to society, but literation is still an important thing for public. It also made public confused in sorting out the right and wrong information.  To solve this problem, knowledge of literation information is needed. The skills of literation information will help users to keep on learning, train the changes of life and require them to adapt and be flexible with speed and competence in this digital era. A library which role served a service to public must be able to help users easily found their information.

According to Association of College and Research Libraries, Prasetyawan (2014 : 161) People who have literacy information skills are those who have the ability to:

  • Determining the required information
  • To access information needs effectively and efficiently
  • To evaluate informations and sources critically
  • Combining the selected informations into a knowledge base
  • Used information in effectively to achieve certain goals
  • Update the issues of economic, legal, and social and used it ethically and legally.      


According to Renford and Hendrickson user education is “...encompass all activities designed to teach the user about library resources and research techniques


User education is the way of a teaching by using various sources of libraries and research methods.

According to the Ministry of Education and Culture, the Directorate General of Higher Education, Ferry Adityo Putro (2013 "User education is a guidance on how to use the collection of library materials provided effectively and efficiently." Thus it can be concluded that user education is a series activity activities that contain learning activities about the introduction and procedure of utilizing the library to users and prospective users in the library.

In user’s education, user is also taught to seek informations effectively, effisiently and accurately. User education is librarians’s task in supporting of learning and researching. As a result, it will create an understandable society of literation information society.

To create an understandable society of literation information need a literacy assistant which means continuing learning process to help the individual grow and increase their reading interest. In this case, the Provincial Library of Bangka Belitung does some efforts or activities of information literacy guidance, namely:

  1. Story telling activity
  2. Library assistant
  3. Conducting some competition activities such as story telling, short story writing competitions, scientific papers and writing poetry, regional storytelling competitions and regional story writing.


Those activities above expected could educate the public on how the importance of information literacy in society’s life as human life is a continuous of learning process or lifelong education.


Cropley stated that lifelong education includes: "The beliefs that should be had to eradicate the barriers in learning, learning can be done outside the education system, education can be done at home, in organizations and communities, workplaces, various media, as well as through friends we know".


Keep on learning till the rest of our life is a key for someone to survive in this world of change. There are some fields of study had changed rapidly.  It will be possible that each employee should master at least five educational changes when they are entering the work field or before they are retired. Beside, they are need to access and master their knowledge that will help them do their job well.


Permen states that: "Information literacy is not only a response to the demands of the information society, but an important set of intellectual accomplishments that can help in the realization of 'learning societies'.


Librarians which acted as an information literacy agent, expected could create society literate. A library is a source of information and users hoped could utilize all informations in the library for learning, acts as a decision-maker until as a problem solver. Literation information is a set of skills for people to learn formally and informally in finding information accurately, effectively and efficiently. The skills of information literacy can be transmitted through the education system and through public libraries in their role as agents for lifelong learning. With the skills of information literacy is expected could create innovative society, found information needed accurately, used the information effectively and update information.



-          digilib.isi-ska.ac.id

-          journal.unhas.ac.id

-          Lasa HS. 2009. Kamus Kepustakawanan Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Book Publisher.

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